Keeping Fish as Pets

Intro

We have studied almost every kind of animal that can be considered a pet for humans. Most all of them fulfill the desire for reciprocal love, the pleasure of touch and the joy of companionship. The dog fulfills those needs as do cats, horses, and other animals, depending upon the particular human.

male Betta

Fish cannot be held, cuddled, or stroked, but they do offer a certain feeling of relaxation and a necessity for care that can be appealing to many people. They have a calming influence on people, both young and old.

Fish come in a variety of colors and sizes. Some are what we call “bottom feeders”, others swim through the middle of the tank, others dash back and forth near the top of the water. The variety of color and movement can be mesmerizing.

You find aquariums in doctor’s offices, restaurants, attorneys offices–anywhere people gather. Just watching the movement and color can bring a feeling of quiet and well-being to an otherwise hectic day.

But what does it take to maintain an aquarium? How do we keep fish as pets?

A Home for the fish

In the wild fish live in ponds, lakes, rivers. creeks, puddles, oceans. That is their world. We have warm water and cold water fish; saltwater fish, freshwater fish, and the denizens of the sea.

For our purpose we are considering fresh water aquarium fish. These are more commonly called tropical fish -that is where they mainly live: in tropical waters. Those who like cooler temperatures live on or near the bottom; whose who like warmer temperatures swim near the surface.

To keep fish as pets you need an aquarium – a rectangular glass tank. They come in all sizes from a 10 gallon size to a 55 gallon size. It depends upon where your aquarium will be housed and how many fish you want to keep.

For most homes, probably a 20 to 30 gallon tank would be sufficient. You can keep several species together in that size.

Equipment and Species

Before you start to buy equipment and fish, look around. Go to a pet store that specializes in tropical fish. See the different species and decide what you like. Decide where the aquarium will go in your house and how easy it will be to work around and maintain.

Consult with a knowledgeable person in the pet store to find out just what you need. Determine the size aquarium, the proper filter, a thermometer, and other equipment. Set up the aquarium BEFORE you buy the fish. You want their living quarters to be in good running order before you put your fish in their new home.

You will have made your species selection earlier, so the aquarium can be right for its new inhabitants. Depending upon the species, will you need a thermometer to keep the water the right temperature, or will the room temperature in your house be sufficient? How many plants, rocks and other decorations do you need? After the aquarium is set up and working correctly, it is time to go get your new pets.

Ten popular species of tropical fish

angelfish

Fish vary in size and type of habitat so it is best to know which fish species live well with others. For instance, most people fall in love with angelfish because they are so beautiful and they have that lovely name. But if you put too many in a tank with other, smaller fish, you will suddenly find that you have nothing but angelfish in your tank.

Bettas–Siamese Fighting Fish-beautiful fish that come in many colors. It is the male that sports the brilliant color and the wavy fins and tail. The

Male Betta

female is more muted in color and are smaller than the male. The male bettas are very territorial and must be kept separate from each other.

I kept Bettas for a while. I had three very small tanks and one Betta per tank. Bettas are so much fun to watch and they do learn to recognize you when you approach their living space. I’m sure it is a shadow that they see, but they will come to the side when you appear. A few female Bettas can live in tanks with other fish.

if you only want one fish in a traditional fish bowl–the Betta is the fish to have.

Goldfish--while not really an aquarium fish- they are way up on the list as everybody’s favorite pet fish. Goldfish are related to the Carp family. They can grow quite large and need a good size tank. Don’t over crowd –they will live many years. They are a cold water fish and can survive quite well outside. My Grandfather had a fishpond in his backyard and I loved to look for them. We lived in Florida, so the temperature was just right for outdoor fish. In the summer, they would come up for food, but in the winter they were no where to be seen. I asked my grandfather where they went. He said they were on the bottom, and they would come up when it got warmer.

goldfish

He was right. In spring and summer, they were right up top, looking for food.

Catfish- these little fish provide a very important service for your aquarium. They are bottom feeders and spend their time keeping the tank clean by consuming the algae that grows in the tank. Catfish come in numerous colors and most are compatible with other community tank dwellers.

Guppies – These colorful little fish are easy to care for. There is one drawback. Guppies breed constantly and can soon overwhelm a tank. It is best that you choose all males or all females for your fish community. The males are the brighter and more colorful. If you ever decide to breed fish, Guppies are a good species to work with. You will soon have fish galore.

Mollies–Small, hardy, black fish. Mollies bear live young so ration the number of male to female. A ratio of one male to every three to four mollies works best. These fish have a tendency to rip the fins of other species. If this happens, place the mollies in a separate tank. A few mollies in a community tank will work best.

Neon Tetras– These are spectacular. They are small translucent blue and red fish that are not aggressive.

neon tetra

Tetras are a welcome addition to any fresh water tank. Keep them in a school of at least six and maybe a few more–depending on the size tank. They will swim in the middle of the tank, and they make a great color display.

Platies– These fish are very good fish to have if you are just starting out with your first tank. They come in dozens of shades. They make a very harmonious addition to a community tank. They are very good for small tanks. Platies are very active and will swim in the middle of the tank.

I think I had some of these in my aquarium. It has been a long time ago–in the 1950-1960 years.

Swordtails – Grow to fit the tank. The larger the tank, the larger they will grow. Or, I should say, the longer they will grow. They are a hardy species. The males are flashy red. Sometimes you will find a bright red male with a black tail. Males may fight when in the same tank. It is best to only have one per community tank.

Zebra Danios —These little fish have striped bodies and will survive a variety of water temperatures. Zebras mate for life. They are very active and will swim all over the tank. They have peaceful natures and will make a continual bright moving display in your tank.

I had a few of these fish and they will make your head swim watching all their activity.

Tanks are measured in gallon capacity. The 10 gallon size is about 22 inches long-12 inches deep and 13 inches wide. The tanks will range from the 10 gallon size to 55 gallon size.

Just to give you an idea of size as they go up : a 15 Gallon tank will measure 16 by 15 by 15. A 20 gallon tank will measure 24 by 12 by 17. Estimate the size before you go to the pet store and plan on making two trips. Buy the equipment, get it home and all set up with water, filter, etc. When the aquarium is all ready, then go get the fish.

Conclusion

A complete set-up will include the tank, filter, heater ( if necessary), thermometer, hood lights, a fish net. You will probably want to get a few plants and a rock or two. Go light on plants–they grow and add algae to the tank. However, you will want a few things in the tank for decoration and a hiding place for some fish.

Now it is time to go get the fish. Start out with a few and add a few at a time. Fish, just like us, need time to get acquainted.

Keep the balance in the tank, the size, plus number of fish, plus temperature, plus cleanness of tank. Once you start feeding, you must watch the debris build up.

Once everything is set up and the fish are oriented in their new home, your aquarium will give you hours of pleasure.

Veil tail gold

One main rule to remember. In the animal kingdom, the male is the brightest and most colorful, but otherwise, males are more likely to fight and kill each other. When populating your fish community, you will want males, because of their color and pattern, but you will need more females than males in order to keep the peace.

 

Pictures courtesy of Pixabay

I’m Barbara Nelson and I’m happy you visited today. I would love to hear from you and I will be happy to answer your questions.

Highest Rated Animal Charities

INTRO

If you have ever answered any kind of letter or survey asking general questions about your likes and dislikes, how many pets you have, etc. then you have most likely received letters requesting money for the welfare of cats, dogs, horses, donkeys, farm animals, wild animals, on and on.

Most of us, who own pets are willing to give to charitable causes. We love our pets and we also know that not all animals are treated as well as we treat our own fur babies. But there are so many charitable organizations and we may wonder which ones are the best.

That is, which organizations really support the causes that they say they do.

Most do, some don’t. How are you going to decide which charities to support and which ones to ignore? Many charities are rated by a number of groups such as Better Business Bureau, Best, Charity Navigator, and others.

Of them all, the Charity Navigator rating is the one to look for. It is the most coveted rating to receive.

Charitable organizations are proud of their ratings and they most usually show the logos on their material.

Charity Navigator rates each organization by points and a percentage of points, so you have a point by point rating of the organization and their percentage as opposed to any other similar charity.

I can’t cover all the charities out there that are clamoring for your dollars, but I can give you some of the highest rated animal charities that are competing for your charitable dollars. These charities are also ones I have either given to in the past, or plan to give to in the future.

What to look for in request letter

There will be something on the outside of the letter -such as color, large lettering, partial image of animal, etc. to persuade you to open the letter.

The inside contents will give you all kinds of information on their promotion, advocacy, responsibility, emergency, injuries, why they need your contribution, etc.

They should give you information on IRS status. There will be a letter about the need, a note about your contribution deductible status on your taxes for the current year and a form to check and a return envelope.

While you are deciding whether to give or not, look for a rating, such as: Better Business Bureau, Best, and Charity Navigator.

If you see one, or all of these, you can be reasonably sure your money will be used for the cause described in your letter. You should also find information on the successes the organization has achieved through their advocacy.

One characteristic that all the following organizations adhere to is that animals experience fear and feel pain just as we humans do. They should be handled with respect and  care.

14 Charity Navigator rated organizations

Last Chance for Animals-  An international organization that advocates for animal rights. Is opposed to testing on animals.

Believes that humans should not subject non-humans to suffering and exploitation because alternatives now exist that eliminates animal use for testing. They currently have the highest rating of any organization by Charity Navigator.

IFAW-International Fund for Animal Welfare Founded in 1969.  It is one of the largest animal welfare and conservation charities worldwide.

Instrumental in preservation of habitat and emergency relief. News reports of their work already released- as first of April 2022. In Ukraine now doing animal rescue.

SPCA-Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. International organization that promotes education and advocacy for animals. Supports Global animal rescue. Offer rescue pets for adoption. Also, working in Ukraine now.

ASCPA-American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals- Rescue animals in times of disaster. Established in 1866. Advocate for animals in bad circumstances.

Humane Society of the U.S. Founded in 1954 Protect animals from abuse and neglect. Offer pets for adoption. Disapprove of animal testing.

Farm Sanctuary-Farm animals are mistreated at times on factory farms. The reasoning being that they are just going to be killed for food anyway.

Founded in 1986. An American animal protection organization dedicated to protect farm animals from abuse.

Alley Cat Allies- Founded in 1990.

Sleeping cat

Dedicated to humane treatment and protection for Cats. An advocate for humane care and control for feral cats and strays. Promote neuter and return program for feral cats.

Animal Welfare Institute- founded in 1951. Reduce animal suffering caused by human interference. Oppose animal testing.

Front Range Equine Rescue- Founded in 1997 Prevent the neglect and Abuse of wild horses through rescue and education, Maintain adoption program. Their motto: “Save the Wild Horses.” Top Charity Navigator rating.

White Coat Waste Project- Tax-Payer watch dog organization. It finds, exposes and defunds government waste funding. The group is an action group that promotes public funding projects. This project is fairly new and with good results.

Wildlife Rescue Center- Founded in 1979. One of the highest rated organizations by Charity Navigator. Maintains a hospital and temporary center for recovering, injured wildlife. Returns animals to the wild when well. Educates and informs public about wild animals.

Animal Legal Defense Fund- the only animal protection organization in the country dedicated exclusively to fighting animal cruelty and injustice using the power of the law. They file lawsuits to protect animals from harm and partner with prosecutors to bring abusers to justice.

PCRM–Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine is not a Charity Navigator organization but seems to have good results- Physicians promote alternatives to animal research.

In today’s medical world there are better ways to do research than performing cruel tests on animals. Have been successful in halting useless tests on animals.

Best Friends- Save Them All Is not a Charity Navigator organization yet. Their goal is to bring the country to no-kill by 2025. That is quite an ambitious goal, but they have actually had success in persuading animal take-in shelters to become no-kill shelters.

Conclusion

These organizations are national organizations that operate nationwide and some operate worldwide. They deserve your interest and support, if you are so inclined. It seems to me that animals shouldn’t need so many organizations advocating for their welfare.

Animals, especially pets and farm animals, are not our enemies. In fact, many, many animals can be tamed and actually learn to love humans. Those who have cats or dogs know the joy of unconditional love that animals can give. Even most wild animals would rather ignore us than attack us.

One last note: Many local communities have pet groups that you may want to support. Rescue and adoption organizations that work within your own community to help pets that find themselves in trouble can always use more help.

I’m Barbara Nelson. I hope this information will be helpful to you. Animals need our help. Questions or comments are welcome. I will always answer.